The fabulous Fabergé Easter Eggs Forget chocolate eggs.

JewelleryApril 14, 2022

Easter is only a few days away, and we can see displayed everywhere the joyful and colourful Easter eggs that we’ll exchange with our loved ones as a symbol of renewed life. In the Imperial Russia of Tsar Alexander III, things were no different. So in 1885, wanting to surprise his wife, Empress Maria Feodorovna, the Tsar ordered from a young and talented jeweller, Carl Fabergé, a special Easter egg. It had to be an extraordinary gift indeed since that year they were celebrating the Imperial couple’s 20th anniversary.

The first Fabergé Easter Egg

First Hen, the first of a series of Fabergé egg created for Tsar Alexander III. Today First Hen’s owner is billionaire Viktor Felixovich Vekselberg, the owner of the Fabergé Museum in Saint Petersburg. Photo by Михаил Овчинников

Fabergé created what seemed at first to be a normal enamelled egg. But when the Empress opened it, she found a surprise inside; a golden yolk that, when opened, contained a golden hen. Finally, opening the bird, there was a miniature of the royal crown carved in a diamond and a ruby egg. So, one can say that this first Fabergé Easter egg is the ancestor of our Kinder Eggs!

The Empress, of course, was absolutely delighted with her gift. So delighted, in fact, that the Tsar continued offering his wife, each year, a special and unique jewelled Easter egg that Fabergé would make in gold, precious stones and pearls.

The Tsarevich Egg by Fabergé.
The Tsarevich Egg, made in 1912 for Empress Alexandra Fyodorovn with a miniature of her son the Tsarevich Alex. Photo by Diaper.

When more is more

After the Tsar’s death, his son and new Tsar, Nicholas II, kept up the Easter tradition his father had started. He carried on commissioning the opulent Faberge Easter eggs, one for his mother and one for his wife, Alexandra Fedorovna. Between 1885 and 1917 (when the revolution ended with the lives of the Tsar and his entire family), a total of 50 Imperial eggs were made under the close supervision of Carl Fabergé. Year after year, Fabergé created more and more fantastic easter eggs in order to keep surprising the Imperial Family. These works of art decorated with intricate and extravagant miniatures of the imperial life showed such amazing craftsmanship that Faberge’s workshop soon became the world-famous House of Fabergé.

Iconic Easter eggs made by Fabergé.
The Moscow Kremlin Egg, made between 1904 and 1906. Photo by Maxim Sinelshchikov. Lilies of the Valley Egg, photo by Pedro Szekely.

The Memory of Azov, for example, came with an impressive miniature in gold and platinum of the Russian naval ship Parmiat Azova. Fabergé made another Easter egg as a miniature of the Kremlin. One of the Imperial eggs has incrusted 1000 diamonds and 500 pearls; others have miniature paintings and portraits.

Memory of Azov egg is currently held in the Kremlin Armoury Museum in Moscow.

Easter egg hunting

After the revolution, the Bolsheviks sold some of Fabergé’s easter eggs. But, sadly, they separated the shells from their contents to get more money off it. Consequently, it’s been almost impossible to find and put all the pieces back together. Even so, the third Imperial egg was found in 2012 at an American’s house. The owner had bought the exceptional creation at an antique market. And he later discovered, thanks to Google, that his little egg was worth 33 million dollars.

Third imperial Fabergé egg-de.svg from Wikimedia Commons by K. D. Schroeder, CC-BY-SA 4.0

From the 50 Imperial Easter eggs produced by Fabergé (some say they were 52), only 42 are known to exist still and are worth millions each. Most of them are at the Fabergé Museum in St Petersburg, including the first one, the Hen Egg. Others are part of museums’ collections at the Kremlin and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Additionally, besides their impressive jewellery collection, the British Royal Family has three Fabergé Easter Eggs at the Royal Collection Trust. And some other eggs are with private collectors.

Fabergé's Mosaic Egg and Surprise.
The Mosaic Egg and Surprise, part of the Royal Collection Trust
Colonnade Egg and Basket of Flowers Egg
Colonnade Egg and Basket of Flowers Egg, part of the Royal Collection Trust.

If you think that the odds of coming across one of the missing eggs at antique markets are next to zero, Fabergé still hand-crafts one-of-a-kind easter eggs. For example, the Pearl Egg, the Spirit of Ecstasy Egg, and the Four Seasons series, homages to the distinguished Imperial tradition.

Title photo – Rose Trellis Egg by House of Fabergé – Walters Art Museum: Public Domain